Where an individual chooses to live can have a profound effect on their short- and long-term health. “Eight Americas: Investigating Mortality Disparities Across Races, Counties, and Race-Counties in the United States,” a paper by Murray et al. (2006), examines the gap in life expectancies found in different parts of the United States in order to more fully elucidate issues related to health disparities in this country. During the public workshop, Dr. Murray presented this paper, along with additional research investigating mortality and causes of death at the local level in the United States. Dr. Acevedo-Garcia further discussed the connection between a person’s place of residence and health disparities, focusing her comments on the impacts of living in specific neighborhood settings or metropolitan areas.
Their presentations are recounted here. Other discussion topics and general comments raised during the session by Roundtable members, sponsors, and audience members are included in the Addressing Health Disparities—Different Perspectives section at the end of the chapter. (author abstract)